The Ph.D. Program in Human Biology is a 5 year doctoral program integrating biological science, medicine, computational science, and materials science.

Educational Policy and Curriculum

Curriculum

(1)Curriculum
【 First and Second Year 】

The HBP consists of five subject groups. The syllabus and evaluation criteria are made open to the public. We are systematically standardizing the evaluation criteria.

(1) Common Subjects consists of the Initiation Seminar and Nurturing International Leaders courses. The Initiation Seminar course comprises Initiation Seminar, World Science Leaders Seminar, Business Leaders Seminar, Lectures in Experimental Science, and Serendipity in Human Biology. Taking these courses, students’ will to realize their future careers at the international level is strengthened and they draw up their plan of study at graduate school with a high level of motivation.
The Nurturing International Leaders course comprises CITI: Required Education for Human Research Participants, Communication in Human Biology I & II, International Discussion on Human Biology I & II, Introduction to Appropriate Technology, Research Presentation and Discussion, and Home Internship.
Students are prepared for their work abroad through courses taught by native speakers of English and through teleseminar discussion.
In their second year, students choose from the International Research Rotation, Internship in Overseas Companies, Appropriate Technology, and Entrepreneurship courses and visit overseas laboratories, companies, and local communities. Through this overseas training, they develop the ability to adapt to new environments and to hone in on complex problems and identify the questions that need to be answered.

(2) The Graduate School Common Subjects include TOEFL iBT, Computational Science Literacy, High Performance Parallel Computing Technology for Computational Science, Intellectual Property, Bioethics, and Research Ethics.
The General Intellect Educational Program courses include Strategic Negotiations Theory, and Negotiations Theory Prointernational Business.
The International Negotiation Skill Training Program includes Management of Innovation from the Smart Doctor Educational Program.
Through these courses, students develop a clear sense of ethics, international negotiation skill, and the basics of business management.

(3) Basic Specialized Subjects I comprises Medical Subjects, Molecular Subjects, and Mathematics and Computational Science. In Medical Subjects, students acquire knowledge in human biology equivalent to that acquired by Japanese medical doctors. Courses include Human Anatomy and Embryology, Human Pathology and Oncology, Human Infection and Immunology, Human Endocrinology and Metabolism, and Environmental Medicine.
In Molecular Subjects, students acquire specialist knowledge about chemical substances and related technical skills. Courses include Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Molecular Cell Biology, Pharmacology, Basic Toxicology, Human Chemical Biology, and Frontier Science in Drug Discovery.
In Mathematics and Computational Science, students learn applied computational biology. Courses include Basic Computational Biology, Application of Information Technology in Science, Computational Algorithms, and High Performance Computing Technology. Through these courses, students learn computational analysis of various and complex biological systems, and thus study human biology that, because of strict limits on experiments on humans, would otherwise be impossible. invocation type composition organon in the study for the Human Being whom an experiment study is confined to.

(4) In Basic Specialized Subjects II, students systematically study the latest findings in human biology and biological research methods. Courses include Gene Engineering and Genetically Modified Mice, Reproduction Biology, Epigenome Physiology, Signal Transduction and Drug Design, and Stem Cell Therapy.
In Courses Offered by Private Research Institutions, students learn current social issues from the business world’s point of view. The courses are Analysis Machineries in Human Biology, Exposure Science & Toxicity, and Home Internship.

(5) In Human Biology Specialized Subjects, students learn to develop their own individual expertise. Courses include Basic Experiments in Human Biology, Special Lectures in Human Biology I & II, Special Seminars in Human Biology I & II, Special Research in Human Biology I & II, and Special Practice in Human Biology I & II.
Through these courses, students can deepen their expertise and nurture their research abilities in the fields they choose and learn how to extrapolate the outcomes of animal tests to human beings by means of computational science. At this stage, they advance their study while doing many lab rotations and developing multiple perspectives and a diverse human network. They also study chemistry including chemical biology and pharmacy and deepen the expertise they need to enable integration of drug discovery with computational sciences.

Upon completion of the second-year courses, students take the Qualifying Examination 1 (QE1).

(1)A clear determination to contribute to the world

(2)The ability to solve problems by negotiating with people from all over the world and with knowledge of medical degree-level human biology and computational sciences

(3)Basic grounding in human biology research

(4)Confirmation of students’ ability to conduct research independently and assessment of their overseas activities

The principal academic advisers determine the successful candidates.

【 Third through Fifth Year 】

From the 3rd to 5th year, students develop their own individualities and establish their future global-based careers. They select courses such as, Advanced Internship in Overseas Companies,Advanced Entrepreneurship, Advanced Appropriate Technology, and Research Collaboration in Overseas Universities, or a combination of these courses.
Students will have co-advisors from overseas universities, industry, and independent research institutions (at least one co-advisor from each). Once-monthly they will report on their research via email or web conference with one of those co-advisors.
To allow students to conduct research on their own initiative, they will receive research funds equal to the Research Fellowship for Young Scientists.
In the Research Collaboration in Overseas Universities course, students conduct a part of their dissertation research in the laboratory of their overseas co-advisor for a period of 3 months to 1 year. If students request it, they can also conduct their research at an independent research institution or company. During this period, students improve their English ability and gain English proficiency equivalent to a TOEFL iBT score of 90 or a TOEIC score of 860.

(2) Criteria for Degree Conferral

Doctoral degrees will be conferred on students who achieved the program aims as prescribed in the school regulations of the Graduate Schools of the University of Tsukuba and who demonstrate the following abilities:

(1)A clear determination and a sincere attitude to contribute to the world

(2)English language ability proven by international English-language proficiency tests

(3)Communicative ability to negotiate with ease in the international community

(4)Specialist knowledge of human biology equivalent to that acquired by medical doctors in Japan

(5)Ability to independently solve social issues using life sciences, computational science, and materials science

Students will take the QE1 and QE2 and the Final Examination to prove that they have acquired the abilities listed above.

Qualifying Examination 1 (QE1):

At the end of the second year, students will be assessed to determine whether they have acquired the following: a clear determination to contribute to the world; the ability to negotiate with people from all over the world and to understand research problems with medical degree-level knowledge of human biology and fundamental knowledge of computational science; understanding of the fundamental techniques of human biology research and of the current situation of human biology research; the ability to conduct research and produce achievements in overseas activities.

Qualifying Examination 2 (QE2):

In the screening process, we evaluate students according to their Accomplishment power, Breakthrough power, and Cognoscente power to solve global-scale issues that they acquired through their Global Overseas Training.

A-1   Improvement of English proficiency (equivalent to a TOEFL iBT score of 90, a TOEIC score of 860 or higher, or other language proficiency test).
Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT) level 1 (applicable only to international students who wish to find employment in Japan).

A-2   Leadership capability (ability to take initiative to solve problems in a group; debate skills; and leadership)

B-1   Practical project planning ability results achieved in the Appropriate Technology and International Research Rotation

B-2   Achievements in Overseas Internship and Company Business Plan Competition

B-3   Project management ability (from patent acquisition to organization and enterprise)

A: Required B: Elective: select 1 or more items from 1, 2, and 3

The final examination will be conducted based on the following:

The final examination is conducted based on the followings

(1)Project proposals receiving high evaluation by company

(2)Business plan describing patent acquisition and financial plan for business startup

(3)Oral presentations of doctoral dissertation followed by question-and-answer session.
The screening committee will consist of at least one faculty member from overseas or industry.

The screening criteria are listed below:

(1)Humanity appropriate to a world-class leader who can steer the global voyage

(2)Planning ability and originality (ability to explain the plan’s background, significance, originality, feasibility, and expected outcomes)

(3)Practical accomplishments (quality and quantity of research activity and achievements)

(4)Ability to promote projects (credibility of its results, understanding the significance of the results, planning skills)

(5)Summarizing skills (ability to prepare project proposals or dissertations from obtained results, to create logical and persuasive documents, and to give presentations)

Based on the comprehensive evaluation described above, criteria for obtaining the doctoral degree are as follows: (1) Ability to identify an excellent and original theme in human biology and to achieve appropriate results for the Ph.D. degree, and to see the work through to completion. (2) Ability to understand the social needs in the relevant areas and to establish objectives to make necessary implementations and to proceed with a research project in a self-directed manner. (3) Ability to summarize research results. (4) Ability to publish written plans, proposals, and academic reports that are highly evaluated in both the industrial and the academic worlds.

Curriculum

Curriculum

Curriculum Policy

The curriculum of this program is designed to cultivate in our scholars a spirit of integrity and enthusiasm, keen eyes, and serendipity, as well as professional knowledge and technologies. Our global voyage style-study is an advanced stage of young samurai mushashugyo (errantry) study, which we have been carrying on for more than seven years, and will successfully build up robust professional captaincy with communication skills and leadership to accomplish the task for sustainable development.

Examples of Study Subjects and Expected Future Careers

Examples of Study Subjects and Expected Future Careers

Course Outline

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Ph.D. Program in Human Biology

School of Integrative and Global Majors (SIGMA),
the University of Tsukuba
1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 JAPAN
TEL: +81-29-853-7085,
+81-29-853-7081
FAX: +81-29-853-5967

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